THE Quantic Spaces-Times EQUATION OF FORCES AND THE LAW OF RANGE.
The particles and physical forces of the Universe extend through 3 relative planes or ‘worlds’, the inner world of atoms, the external world of electromagnetic forces in which we exist and the upper world of cosmological forms. Yet we only perceive completely the light world and its 3 forces that increase in informative density and strength as they act in shorter spatial ranges, following the inverse law of space/time, Max. Energy=Min. Information. So we differentiate a spatial force of maximum range and minimal size, light that creates our space, a balanced E=T force the strong force and a pure form of time that mutates a particle into other, the weak force. While gluons and gravitation, the forces of the lower and upper world are hardly perceived across the discontinuities with our world, according to the asymmetries between planes of existence as relative ‘energy’ (the bosonic force of the i-1 scale) and information (the gravitational force of the i+1 scale).
As we have seen in the study of quarks, the outcome of a ‘spatial process’ and a ‘temporal event’ are the same. So how can we know when a process, event or particle is spatial or temporal? The easiest way is to consider its ‘range in space’ and ‘density in time’. So a force without hardly any spatial range, like the weak force is almost always a temporal event and a force with hardly any informative mass as a photon is an ‘energetic’ event. In that sense, now that we have introduced the concept of a particle and antiparticle, the inversions of space-time and the asymmetric relationships between the 3 planes of physical existence we can consider in more detail the forces of the Universe.
Though the standard model of Physics talked of 4 forces, recent experiments have made evident the existence of six forces in the Universe, which Quantic Spaces-Times theory organizes easily. Those forces are dark energy, gravitation, bosons that fusion quarks, photons that relate charges, strong forces made of pions that relate nucleons and weak forces that transform particles.
We divide the 6 forces of the Universe, placing them along the equation of space/time, E<=>T, in 2 different levels of form, the level of quantic Planck areas, the atomic level and the cosmological level. In that sense we have to consider them in 3 ‘different’ worlds:
i-1 World: The inner world of nucleons, which show a ternary structure made of quarks, probably dimensional networks composed themselves of ‘bosonic aggregations’ of gravitons, minimal mass spins of a size around the Planck’s length of 10-35 m. Those quarks are joined by energy and information networks called gluons that reproduce them. Very little is known of bosons and quarks beyond those basic Quantic Spaces-Times ternary and quantic structures.
Then after the big-bang explosion, forces and particles transcended scale to the atomic world and balanced forms with different proportions of energy and time that ‘unfold’ as the Big-bang phases diminished the energy of the Universe and increased its form into:
i-World: Max. e: A communicative force of space, that reproduces the fundamental particle of the light world: the photon that creates the space of the light-world and reproduces spatial electrons. Hence it acts like the gluon inside the nucleus, reproducing quarks: So when we bomb a nucleus, gluons feed on the energy and reproduce quark-antiquark pairs.
i-World: E=T: A communicative force between nucleons that relates protons and neutrons, the pion, which seems to be an electron inside the nucleus, hence with a higher mass.
i-World: Max. T: A pure force of time, the weak force of maximum mass that acts at minimal distances as an evolutionary force in the transitions and extinctions of other particles.
i+1 World: Finally, when we enter in the cosmological world, it appears again A pure force of space, gravitation that either curves lineal space-time into cyclical vortices of mass or expands vortices of mass into pure space as ‘dark energy’ or expansive gravitation. We draw it as a cosmological vortex, since gravitation is not a force based in the exchange of electromagnetic particles but it is perceived in our plane of existence merely as a vortex of cyclical inertia, natural to all masses . Since it is a cosmological force and we, microcosmic beings have not seen ‘dark energy’ acting in most processes but observe it only between galaxies that displace away.
On the other hand, those forces follow the inverse properties of space-time, which explains the so-called Law of Range of Forces, until now enunciated only in a empirical manner:
Forces of growing information (max.T) communicate particles of decreasing spatial rank (min.E)
Thus, the Quantic Spaces-Times Space-Time field equation of physical forces is:
i-1:gluons –>i-world: E (electromagnetism)< e=T(pion)>Weak force: max.T->
i+1 world: E(dark Energy) <Masses> T (Gravitation)
So those are the 6 forces we perceive through the 3 i±1 scales of the Universe. Inside the atoms, obviously there should be 3 forces but we can’t really distinguish anything except gluons, flows of energetic forces that join and sometimes reproduce the 3 quarks that seem to construct the inner structure of those nucleons. Yet we can perceive better the bigger scales and order those forces are ternary or dual S-T pairs that act as the energy and information networks of atoms and galaxies:
14. The 2 forces of the atomic nucleus.
The 2 forces that we observe within the atomic nucleus are informatively denser (Max. T/Min.E) than those we observe outside since they happen inside a temporal particle. Hence they are stronger. They can be considered as the ‘spatial and temporal’ particles that relate and transform nucleons into each other. They are:
- Max. E: The strong force made of pions that communicate nucleons, the elementary particle of temporal masses. Scientists first thought protons and neutrons were different forms but now it seems fairly established that a neutron becomes a proton after delivering a pion and vice versa, a proton that absorbs a pion becomes a neutron. On the other hand, pions and muons are very similar to electrons, only that they move in a shorter radius (the nucleon) and so have a higher mass (200 times more). So Quantic Spaces-Times theory considers that a proton ‘feeds’ on heavy electrons that increase their temporal frequency or ‘vortex’ of mass as they come into the proton that absorb them. So the n-p pairs of an atom are in fact 2 phases of a proton that feeds on electronic energy, absorbing a pion. And vice versa, a neutron emits a pion becoming a proton. An unresolved question is then, the relationships between electrons, muons/pions, quarks and nucleons, the basic particles of the Universe: We know that pions ‘degenerate’ into neutrinos and muons that degenerate into neutrinos and pions. Since a heavy electron, a meson weights around 1/3rd of a quark that weights around 1/3rd of a nucleon, those particles could be related not only by a trophic pyramid; but also in evolutionary terms as the 3 horizons of a nucleon structure: 3 bosonic mesons could evolve then into a quark and 3 bosonic quarks would evolve into a nucleon. A quark feeds by exchanging pions, transforming itself from a passive quark (down quark) into an active quark (up quark) that has absorbed a positive pion. And inversely, if we study internally those quarks Quantic Spaces-Times theory considers that electrons evolved creating quarks that evolve creating nucleons.
- Max. T:Hence, the weak force is a temporal force, since its constant is valued in time units, t=2 hours and according to the time-space inversion (Law of Range), it has a minimal spatial rank, acting in the same place where the particle is located. Since weak forces do not truly exchange spatial energy but change the temporal in-form-ation of a particle, increasing its form or causing its entropic devolution and death in a ‘mini-big bang’ called generically a Beta decay.
The main of those Beta decay processes creates an extended spatial atom from a temporal neutron. And when it happened at universal scale provoked a quantic big-bang that created the atomic Universe. A neutron is a “compressed atom” with a positively charged center, a “brain” made of quarks and a negatively charged cover, an external membrane or proto-electronic orbital, both related by strong and electro-weak forces. Thus when the neutron ‘dies’ in a mini big-bang, it explodes, expanding in space its internal parts that give origin respectively to:
- Max. T: a proton, originated by its informative center made of quarks.
- Max. E: an electron, expanded from its energy membrane.
- ExT: An electromagnetic photon and a gravitational anti-neutrino, which are ‘S-T inversions’ of the weak and strong forces of the atom. Since electromagnetism has inverted parameters to those of the weak force and antineutrinos have negative mass coordinates.
Thus a Beta Decay is a dual big-bang/big-banging process of death that gives life, proper of all points of Non-AE Space-time: a body and a mind dissociate; the intermediate space and its cyclical networks dissolve and the structure expands in space. Yet in the adequate conditions those quantic parts of a Beta decay process will be reborn at a bigger scale, when the membrane and the center re-invaginate its enlarged territory, creating the Hydrogen atom, which is wider than its parts, with a central nucleus of gravitational information, the proton and an energetic membrane, the electron that acts as a Non-AE limit of the new enlarged space-time field.
Thus the main change between AE-Theory and Quantic Spaces-Times Theory, regarding the inner forces of the atom is obvious: in Quantic Spaces-Times theory we can also interpret those forces in terms of time and then they mean ‘changes’ of an n-p cycle: the strong force is a change product of a feeding and informative cycle, and the weak force is a change product of a decaying, destructive cycle.
15. The 2 forces of the external Universe.
When considering the forces of the external Universe, again the perspective differs, depending on the world we consider. From the perspective of the gravitational world, there are 2 forces:
- Max. E: Dark energy that expands space between masses.
- Max. T: Gravitation, an informative force that brings together masses.
Yet from the perspective of our light world that cannot see the temporal energy dark energy is basically invisible both in form and effects, as all particles of our Universe are electromagnetic atoms hardly affected by gravitation. So we only observe 2 forces at galactic scale, which created the networks of the galaxy as an organism:
- Max. E: Gravitation, which becomes a form of pure space that lacks any form; and so it has instantaneous speed V=e/0t creating the eternal, present space/time in which our light-world feeds. Yet that apparently, pure static vacuum, is gravitational space-time that carries energy, expands when a particle dies (repulsive gravitation or dark energy, emitted by black holes and dying light) or contracts space when a mass grows creating an accelerated cyclical vortex .
Ext: On the other hand, in the world of light, the electromagnetic force is the spatial force that carries our temporal energy. So it has a certain content of time-form: it communicates information between particles and it can reproduce the spatial electron, the body of atoms, providing it has enough energy. Because it has form, according to the inverse properties of time-space its spatial reach and speed is smaller than non-local gravitation (max. T=min. E). As gravitation does, electromagnetic forces can either contract or expand space-time, causing the ‘attraction’ or ‘repulsion’ of charges.