THE EVOLUTIONARY PLAN: THE PLANT KINGDOM.
The simplest unicellular plant-like organism, the acetabularia, shows its nucleus in the root, B, which will become the brain of multicellular plants, opposite to the animal upper brain coordinates. The opposition between both forms extends to the cycles of energy, as plants destroy water and produce oxygen; while animals breath oxygen and produce water. Thus, both are the ‘particle’ and ‘antiparticles’ of life.
17. The ternary differentiation of cells along its feeding cycles: plants, animals and fungi.
The kingdom of life shows in all its beauty the generic process of evolutionary differentiation of any space-time field , along the main ±1=S3, dual, ternary and quaternary dimensions, departing from a 1st singularity, which in the world of life is the Monera phylum, the initial cell, whose ternary differentiation gave birth to energetic plants, reproductive fungi and informative animals:
Max. E: Energetic plants use light as energy. Biologists talk of plants as autotrophic cells; still forms like the ovum, which create their energy and information quanta from light and water, in any place. So they made their membranes harder and thicker to maintain themselves centered in a territorial, discontinuous organic space, regardless of what happens outside.
Max.T: Informative animals use light as information. Animals are heterotrophic, moving cells, which feed on other forms. Hence they developed thinner external membranes and cilia, which according to the multifunctional principle , differentiated further into increasingly sophisticated sensorial antenna to localize their preys and lineal, moving engines, with a master centriole, a ‘protein Head’ on its base. So though in a 1st phase unicellular plants were more complex, animals ended up evolving great quantities of inner informative RNA-DNA to act-react faster in their unknown moving environments.
E=T: Reproductive fungi are organisms that have qualities belonging to both, the animal and plant kingdoms. Fungi feed on dead substances and survive thanks to their maximization of reproductive skills.
The inverse forms and functions of plants and animals define both species as ‘particle-antiparticle life systems’ ruled by their opposite diffeomorphic symmetries:
Their informative cycle and brain-body dimensions are inverse: plants have their brain down in the roots since they use light as energy; animals have it on top, since they use light as information.
Their energetic cycles are inverse: plants breathe CO2 and produce oxygen; animals breathe oxygen and produce CO2. They also use carbohydrates in opposite ways, since plants foster constructive stillness and animals destructive movement: so plants make sugars the fixed structural element to construct cellulose and starch, their external membranes; while animals use sugar’s oxygen bonds breaking them to breath, liberate oxygen and move the body.
Their social and reproductive cycles are inverse: Animals are hierarchical organizations with a clear class division between informative, upper class cells and body cells, while plants are ‘democratic forms’ with minimal differentiation. So plants foster the spatial, reproductive arrow and animals the evolutionary, temporal arrow.
Their generational cycle is inverse: animals have faster, shorter organic cycles, since its temporal language is the faster, electronic, nervous language. While plants have longer life cycles at a lower ‘speed of informative processing’. Since they transmit chemical information through the hormonal system. Departing from those 2 languages, in fact life evolved into a new scale of multicellular organization creating:
- Max. E. Chemical multicellular organisms, plants that use the hormonal languages…
- Max. i: And ‘electric’ organisms, multicellular animals that use the electronic language…
18. The evolution and differentiation of Monera according to the ternary principle.
Here will only study the animal kingdom in detail to show how it brought us into human existence. So now we will consider a synopsis of all the other life phyla, describing their evolution without exception through the basic Quantic Spaces-Times differentiations of ‘top predator species living in isolated environments’, into: S-st-T lineal, spiral or cyclical morphologies; or e-te-t ternary species, each one evolved in 3 horizons that maximize each of those 3 cycles of existence; or integrated individuals Vs quantized forms; or species adapted to S-T, hot-cold climatic changes or to the 3 main ecosystems of the Earth, the air, the land and the sea with its 3 main environments, shallow waters and rivers, open waters and abyssal regions:
Monera: Unicellular forms.
- Max. E: Cyanobacteria, blue-green algae, specialize in energetic processes.
- E=T: Protista absorb cells specialized in energy and information, multiplying its TxE force.
- Max. T: Schizophita Bacteria develop informative elements to capture other plants.
We can do further subdivisions along other E<=>T differentiations. For example, bacteria subdivided according to its form in:
- Lineal spirilla that coil or elongate their form depending on its informative or energetic activity.
- TxE: Bacilli, with tree-like forms composed of a Head and a tail.
- Max. T: Cocci, the informative cyclical form that suffers further evolution along the dimensional differentiation in:
-Strepetococcus: unidimensional, lineal social forms.
- Diplococcus and Tetracoccus: bidimensional forms with 2 and 4 elements.
- Sarcina: 3-dimensional social coccus.
As protista, the social form, multiplied its TxE force thanks to the specialized energy and information cells it had swallowed, dominating the world, the other 2 weaker forms suffered a temporal regression towards its past, which became an strategy of survival, giving birth 2:
-Max.E:Rickettsia, algae that have lost their informative skills and are basically semi-living bodies.
- Max.T:Virus, bacteria that have lost their bodies and become DNA brains in search of other bodies in which they host, inoculate their genetic code and reproduce.
On the other hand the dominant protista with higher TXE force continued the evolution of the life kingdom, splitting again into 3 forms that evolved further into multicellular organisms, plants (Max. E), Fungi (E=T) and animals (Max. T):
Plants: Max. Energy
The energetic strategy of the multicellular living kingdom is the plant, the autotrophic species that feeds on the basic molecules of life, accelerating enormously the evolution of life as it produces complex living matter from the initial water, ammonia, CO2 and light bricks that took billions of years to evolve. Though algae started as unicellular forms, as fungi and animals did, they soon evolved in 3 horizons along the quantic differentiation that took them to its multicellular state:
- Chlorophyta were the I horizon of unicellular alga, that grew into colonies of algae (Crysophyta, II horizon), which finally fusion into multicellular organisms (Pyrrhophyta, III horizon).
- The most successful phylum, Pyrrophyta, differentiated then into 3 sub forms adapted to the 3 water ecosystems. Those water ecosystems differentiate the morphology of informative animals into lineal, Max.E, fast-moving surface fishes, Max. I, sessile or planar dragging forms living on the marine floor (fast-evolving echinoderms origin of vertebrates) and abyssal complex, ET morphologies. In the case of energetic seaweeds, it affects the degree of sophistication of their chlorophyll pigments and the strength of their cellular structures of sustain, creating 3 new phyla:
- Max. E: Rhodophyta or red algae, with the simplest cellular structures and simpler phycoerythrin pigments, live in the deeper sea, limited to tropical regions of max. light transparency.
- E=T: Phaeophyta or brown algae have complex membranes and 3 chlorophyll pigments; a, c and phycobilliproteins.
- Max. T: Clorophyta or green algae. They added carotenoid pigments to the 3 Phaeophyta pigments and increased the strength of their walls. Hence they became the most successful forms with max. TxE force (Max. pigments x Max. membrane), evolving further into terrestrial plants.
That migration to land took place in 3 ages in which plants raised its informative height from:
- I Age. Clorophyta; planar alga living in shallow waters.
- II Age. Briophyta: Mosses, which subdivided in 3 forms of growing dry membranes and height dimension, Musci (I Horizon), Hepaticae (liveworts, II Horizon) and Hornworts (III horizon), which raised their horns towards the sun as their names indicate.
- III Age. Tracheophyta, vascular plants with structural inner networks of hard cells that could rise to touch the light that feeds them. In dry land plants, as animals will do latter, had to evolve further all their network systems, creating new, more complex phyla, departing from the initial psilotophyta appeared in the Ordovician. First plants created the energetic trunk. Then, they differentiated along their reproductive systems in 3 Horizons of growing ‘dry’ gametes: Lycophyta (I Horizon), Sphenophyta (II Horizon) and Ferns (III Horizon) the first plants with dry seeds. So they became the top predator species, multiplying in all land environments and differentiating again in 3 evolutionary horizons of ever more perfect seeds:
- Max. E: Ferns, which dominated in the Mesozoic age.
- E=T: Gymnosperms, subdivided according to the ternary principle in cycads, ginkgoes and conifers, which dominated in the tertiary age. Conifers adapted to cold weather, thanks to its needle like leaves of minimal exposure. So they became the most successful species, when cold climatic changes came. They brought about also the dominant modern plants:
- Max. T: Angiosperms, flowering plants, the ‘height’ of reproductive evolution among plants, perfectly adapted to all weather changes, with seasonal, blossoming, leaves that fall in cold periods and a complex symbiosis with insects that can transport their pollen to far away distances.
They will dominate the quaternary with only a final dual quantic differentiation in:
- Monocots Vs dicots with 1 or 2 seeds.
And so when all was said, the evolution of plants remained silent…
Fungi: Max. Reproduction. ExT.
Fungi are big protista cells that tried the 2nd survival strategy of the Universe, maximizing their ExT reproduction, by maximizing their E-feeding, eating the most abundant food, dead life; and by maximizing their genetic information, multiplying the nucleus of its cells within an undifferentiated membrane. And we distinguish 3 horizons in their reproductive evolution:
- In the I horizon Euglenophyta swallowed E-plants and T-animal sub-cells (chloroplasts and mitochondria) within its huge membrane, increasing it ExT capacity.
- In the II horizon Gymnomycota maximized the reproduction of their nuclei, the informative, genetic material of the cell, forming multicellular colonies with a single membrane.
- They gave birth in their III horizon of reproductive evolution to true fungi, Mycota, which are the fastest reproductive species of the life world. Their reproductive specialization shows in giant Lycoperdales, the living form which reproduces faster, reaching the limiting magic number of 10 11 spores. Thus a single lycoperdal can produce all the clonic cells needed to create a perfect new scale of existence (stars of a galaxy, DNA ties, etc. )… if they survived. As the final evolutionary horizon, fungi differentiated further according to the i+1 ecosystem in which they live in:
- Max. E: Water fungi mainly Chytridiomycetes.
- T=E: Amphibian fungi, mainly Oomycetes.
- Max.T: Terrestrial fungi, which evolved in the informative land medium, differentiating into:
- Max. E: Asomycetes, planar simple or subterraneous forms like yeast and truffles.
- E=T: Deuteromycetes, a transitional form towards…
- Max. T: Basidiomycetes, the familiar mushrooms which evolved its 3 networks, developing:
Stronger cells to sustain their informative growth in the height dimension; and new reproductive systems with dry spores and new energetic cycles to decompose all kind of dying matter.
Animal life: Max. Information
The heterotrophic animal family is born with protozoan, which developed soft membranes and cilia to absorb living information from the outside world. To that aim cilia evolved again in 3 functions: as energetic engines of movement, as sensorial, informative tools and as predatory forms that capture food for the reproductive cells of the protozoa. So once more we can subdivide protozoa in 3 sub-forms, according to its activity and dominant cycle:
- Max. E: Mastigophora, flagellate protozoan that divided, according to the quantic principle, by its number of cilia:
- Max. E=T: Sporozoan, parasites that reproduce seeds and have sexual differentiation.
- Max. T: Amoebida, the informative protozoan that increased their DNA and evolved farther their membrane’s flexibility, becoming nervous cells able to control thanks to their faster action -reactionspeed multiple cells, which evolved together creating multicellular animals.
Those multicellular animals would differentiate further into multiple phyla, studied in the next paragraphs of this chapter, along the quantic principle and the e-te-t ternary principle now applied to the evolution of 3 cellular, social networks, the energetic, digestive system; the blood, reproductive system and the informative, nervous system, the dominant network that reached with man its evolutionary height. Then the morphology of life would be transferred to stronger atomic systems made of metal, called machine….
In that regard, the final differentiation between the 2 dominant multicellular life forms, plants and fungi Vs animal life, happens in the level of languages that organize them as multicellular organisms since animals use electric, faster informative languages and plants, slower chemical hormones.
19. Plants Vs animals, the chemical language Vs the electric message.
Plants evolved its ternary structures through hormonal languages, colonizing the Earth and growing in informative height. Thanks to those chemical, hormonal languages, multicellular seaweeds and plants created also 3 Non-AE energetic, informative and reproductive network structures, which in plants are:
1. Energy organs: Leaves that perform the ‘moving’ energetic, photosynthesis cycle; and branches that act as still structures and conductive systems of the energetic materials.
2. Informative organs: Root systems that absorb atomic, chemical elements and produce most of its hormones.
3. Reproductive organs: Flowers.
These 3 organs define a plant as an efficient Non-AE ternary point, a complex species able to colonize the ground with a clear evolutionary direction of height .