GENERAL SYSTEM SCIENCES : ORGANIC SYSTEMS AND SCIENTIFIC UNIFICATION
Each science studies a different scale of size in the Universe. Yet all those scales have been found to follow similar organic laws described by General System Sciences, a discipline that aims to unify biology and physics under the concept of a Quantic Super-organism. This web describes the common, homologic laws of all those sciences and super-organisms explained by General System Sciences in 2 levels of complexity, a verbal, simple model, and a complex model, ofthat uses Non-Aristotelian logic and Non-Euclidean mathematics to derive the main equations, cycles and properties of all sciences, departing from the Generatrix Equation of Space-Time , nE<=>mT, or fundamental equation of General System sciences (GST equation).
The Search for Unification. The first, verbal, mythic and philosophical age: the religious, unifying concept of God.
The existence of a common, simple set of laws that explains all in the Universe has been understood as a general principle of philosophy of science since its earlier ages. Its detailed achievement however has escaped till recently common scientific thought, due not so much to the difficulty of the task, but the dogmatic errors commited in that search. In that sense, for centuries the search of Unification was carried from a single-minded perspective by either religious people, who believed the key was in the search of God, the informative mind of the Universe, or lately by Physicists who thought it was the energy arrow, which determined the unifying principles of that Universe. Hence God and the Grand Unification of Forces were the concepts to search.
Thus, the search for such Unification of Human Knowledge, started in the mythic age of thought, when men found a word, God, that unified all other concepts into a single one.
Then the search continued in the logic age of mankind, that started around the 500 BC, as the result of the work of some outstanding human minds, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle in Greece, Buddha, Lao, and Zoroastrus in Asia. Now the search for unification concepts become more complex, and rational, and two main schools appeared. Those who thought two principles were required to explain all realities (Asian thinkers), and those who searched for a single concept (Greek philosophers). In reality as we shall see, both were to a certain point right. Since all what exists is an organism (the Unifying principle), of spatial energy and temporal information (the dual principle).
While the Asians realized that the dynamic of those constitutive principles created the events of reality, the Greeks observed a property, origin of all realities: the existence of repetitive herds, in all regions of reality. Plato personally dealt with this theme that structures reality, inventing the concept of ideas, logic forms, which once and again repeated in the Universe.
What was then the Idea that unifies all Ideas? - such was the question that both Plato and his disciple Aristotle, tried to respond, as it was the fundamental idea, from where all further searches for truth should depart. Their findings were astonishing, considering the age in which they were made. Plato understood that there were certain original organisms, he called ideas from where all other organisms departed. And he said that the entire Universe was also a living being with a body and a brain. Aristotle brought Platonic ideas to the reality of natural species, and developed most of modern sciences in their initial principles. He also explained in his Metaphysics, what now Physicists and scientists come to realize: that all those organisms, had a center of information, a mind-brain that ruled them, and caused the movement of the energy bodies of all Universal Organisms. He called that center, mind of each Universal organism, a God. And he affirmed there were infinite god/minds in the Universe.
In that regard we can consider Aristotle, the founder of what is known today as General Systems Theory, the idea that the Unifying principle of the Universe is an organic principle, or structure resembling an organism, made of an energy and an information network.
The mathematical, physical age and the arrow of energy.
Then there is a silence of centuries without important advances, till modern sciences appear. The professional quest for the Unifying principle is thus retaken by the western tradition, with a new language, mathematics and it is carried about by a specific discipline, Physics, that studies mainly one single arrow, energy.
Yet by the 1950s it seemed obvious, after Einstein's faillure, that the single-arrow approach would not suffice and duality was a better concept. Indeed, in the religious field duality showed in the need not only for God, the positive, creative arow of the Universe, but also for evil, that explains the negative, destructive facts of existence.This was also the way of thought of earlier philosophers, which in the hindi and taoist tradition talked of shiva and vishnu, yin and yang, as the dual principles. In biology all process of life end in the negative arrow of death. While in the physical field, the Unification search stopped in a dual Universe, with 2 forces, gravitation and electromagnetism that manifested themselves in a second duality between particles (gravitational quarks and electromagnetic electrons) and fields (gravity and electromagnetism). So duality became for both religious people and scientists the natural limit of their unifying processes.
The third age of Unification Theories: the use of both arrows, energy and information and both languages, biological verbal evolution and mathematical physics.
Thus when Einstein died a group of scholars coming from all disciplines founded System sciences that tries to harmonize the 2 arrows of energy and information and its 2 main disciplines, biology and physics. The foundational moment of that approach can be placed the year after Einstein's death with the foundation of the International Society for Systems Sciences, which in the famous Macy's conferences argued the new approach, now carried not only by a discipline, but by mathematicians, biologists and physicists together. During 50 years, the competence between both Unifying ways of looking at the Universe continued. Physicists did have more resources, more powe and more public attention, but their results blunted by the limits of his approach were rather prove. Meanwhile system sciences working with homologies between different disciplines and new mathematical theories (fractal mathematics, theory of chaos and theory of attractors) made some important discoveries that paved the way to the work of the present generation of system scientists that have systematized a Unification Theory using both arrows.
It also implied in the mathematical world, the search for a single equation, that could define the fundamental cycle of the Universe, an exchange of energy and information between any 2 quantic poles or systems of the Universe.
In that sense General Systems Theory considers that, unlike physical sciences guided mainly by the principle of energy and entropy, or biological sciences that study in depth the arrow of information and complexity, a Unification Theory should study how both arrows interact generating through 'actions' all the physical systems, cycles and organisms of the Universe, made of those 2 primordial forms. For example, fields of energy waves and particles of gravitational or electromagnetic information (masses and charges) create physical systems, based in its quantic actions; energy bodies and informative heads create biological systems; while the energy and time of human actions, shape the world of man...
Thus General Systems theory rephrases The Unification Postulate of Physics (Energy, the substance of the Universe, never dies but transforms itself eternally), as the principle of transformation of energy and information:
All what exists is a quantic system made with bites of energy and bits of information that transform into each other ad eternum, a logic statement formalized mathematically in the generatrix equation of quantic space-time fields or Universal event:
ΣE <=> ΣTi
It implies also the quantic, fractal nature of energy and information, as every system in the Universe can be expressed as a dual network of energy and information, made of smaller elements. Scientists say in that sense that all what exists is made of bites of energy and bis of information.
Indeed, in quantic terms, we can talk of the equality between space and energy, (since vacuum space is a quantized energy field); and the parallelism between quantic information and time, which 'bends, curves space into form' according to Einstein's General Relativity; or increases the complexity and information of any living system through evolution.
Thus we can reduce the 5 fundamental elements of physical and biological sciences, energy, mass (a condensate of energy), information and time to 2 essential forms, spatial energy and temporal information, whose combined physical unit he called, as physicists do, an action of energy and time.
The previous equations represents those actions in a generic way for any energy-information exchange.
In philosophical terms, that equation defines a taoist-like Universe composed of 2 substances with opposite properties: Waves of continuous, spatial, expansive, 'yang' energy, (ΣE). And quanta of discontinuous, implosive, informative, 'yin' particles (ΣTi). Which merge (<=>) to create, the networks, systems and stable organic structures of the Universe.
We can also use the GST equation to describe the life and death cycle both for physical entities, biological individuals and social cultures, as a fluctuation along those 2 arrows: Youth is the age of energy; maturity the age of reproduction, when living beings repeat its energy and information into a replica of themselves. Finally the 3rd age is the age of information when almost all energy is spent. So life becomes the E=>Ti arrow of any individual or species towards more information. And so happens to the art of a civilization, which goes from an epic, energic, young age, into an age of realism and classic balance between form and energy; to end in a baroque, decadent age of excess of form.
Yet in both, individual and social organisms, we observe at the end of the 3rd, baroque, informative age, the opposite arrow, T=<E, of explosion of form into energy, which ends the life cycle of the being, or terminates a culture through war or ends the big crunch of the Universe into a new big bang cycle of a seemingly eternal Universe...
Further on we can expand the dual equation to 4-dimensions, describing a fractal, holographic model of the universe as a flat brane of spatial energy bended and quantized by temporal knots of information (charges and masses); deriving from it many equations, cyclical events and stable structures of physical, biological and social sciences.
In that sense a Unification Theory or General System Sciences summarizes in a single sentence or equation, ("All what exists is an organism of energy and information"), the nature of the Universe, and describes in accordance most of its events and species under the common laws of Theory of Universal Organisms. The result is the Unification of the main fields of human knowledge: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, History, Economics, Philosophy, Astronomy, Theology and Art.
General Systems Sciences culminates in this manner a search that has been a collective effort of all mankind, more than of any individual. As information has accumulated the search came closer to an end. Yet the limits of abstract mathematics tampered that search for centuries, till at the end of the XX century the development of biological sciences, that use both verbal languages (Theory of Evolution); Mathematics, and highly developed image languages (digital images, microscopes, computer models), brought back the old Greek synthesis of knowledge, and the concept that all what exists could be described as an organism of energy and information.
The quest for an idea that repeats in all the forms of the Universe, a Unifying Principle, has ended. That principle is the biological principle of a fractal super-Organism made of networks of energy and information. It is now the task of science to translate into the new paradigm the different laws and species of each science. This web if a modest attempt to initiate that task and inspire new generations of scientist in that search.
Why there are so many sciences, if
all in the Universe is an organism of temporal information and spatial
energy, that participates of the same laws?
Also the different spatial forms that Universal Organisms adopt, have confused scientists, that rely in excess in mathematical=spatial descriptions of reality. So we use different jargons to describe herds, waves, ecosystems, organisms and bodies, depending on how tight or loose their spatial configuration is, without realizing that all those social groups share some common properties. Since all of them are composed of 3 basic elements: networks of energy, networks of information and social cells, related by their need to obtain energy and information, the two ultimate substances of the Universe.
So instead of using several scientific
jargons, to search for Universal truths proper of the organic systems
that shape Reality, we will consider a Science of Sciences, Theory of
Organisms, that studies all the common properties of all sciences and
Yet if we know the general, morphological
and behavioral laws of Universal organisms, we can use those laws as
a guide to reveal the hidden properties of lesser known organisms.
Thus we can describe all sciences, as disciplines that study, a relative interval of species of n-size, its networks of energy and information, and the ecosystems and organisms shaped by those networks:
Sciences: Analysis of Universal Organisms
In the next graph we classify all scientific disciplines (including social sciences that describe human social organisms) as 'descriptions' of certain Universal Organisms:
Scientific knowledge is the information that humanity perceives about the organisms of the universe, their common structure, caused by their energy/information networks, their organic properties, and how those organisms are ruled by similar laws of Social survival, and absorbtion of energy and information.
Man is a specific organism with a
specific range of perception of other Universal
Organisms from quark-microcosms to galactic macrocosms. Within that
total Universe, each specific science studies a certain range of human
information and energy. Physics study microcosms of atoms; chemistry
studies microcosms of molecules; biology studies the medium-size cosmos
of 'carbolife'. While history and religion study the macrocosms of man
[tribes, gods, collective information, nations]. Yet the parallel form and behavior of
microcosmic atoms [physics] and macrocosmic masses [astronomy] proves
that the same organic laws might rule very different species of the
Universe. After all the key to the entire process of existence is information,
carried by ¥-rays which have a flexibility of sizes that makes possible
all scales, in living organisms...
Unification of abstract scientific jargons
Each science studies a range of organic systems. Some of those systems are mechanical. Some are organic. Yet all of them have external influence over us, provoking changes in the energy and information systems of mankind...
Try therefore to forget your 'prejudices' in favor of an abstract mechanical Universe, and think in terms of an organic Universe. Because only in organic terms you will understand the relationships between you and the Universe.
Why then we do not understand such
Universe of herds of species in biological terms? The answer is deceptively
simple. It has to do more with philosophy than science; with the 'abstract'
way we approach definitions, such as time or space, life, perception, reproduction, or communication. Those terms are
not 'abstract'. Properly understood they become the living properties
and components of all species of the Universe. So to vitalize the Universe,
we will have to consider those definitions no longer in abstract but
in organic terms.
SYSTEMS SCIENCES: A THEORY OF UNIFICATION. ORGANIC SYSTEMS. THE SCALES AND PLANES OF EXISTENCE.
1. The Unification of sciences. Systems of energy and information.
2. The scales of i-complexity and the different sciences.
3. The hierarchic Universe.
Reality=n Universes=n Planes of Social Existence (Worlds of relative space/time )